Tuesday, April 22, 2014

Nazi Posters from Early 1941

While looking through early 1941 issues of Unser Wille und Weg (the Nazi monthly for propagandists) for another reason I came across black and white photographs of three posters that I've added to the poster section of the GPA.

This could be used by local party groups to advertise political meetings.

This also served the same purpose.  It was part of a campaign that had soldiers on leave speak to audiences about their experiences at the front.

This was a nationally-distributed poster promoting unity between the front and the homeland.

All three posters were probably in color (and the bottom one certainly was). 

Despite the strains of the war effort, which had led many formerly engaged in making propaganda to join the military, propaganda activity remained intense.

Friday, April 11, 2014

Wochenspruch der NSDAP

I have hundreds of examples of the Wochenspruch der NSDAP on the site.  This was a weekly poster with inspiring quotations issued between 1937 and 1944.  Before 1940, many were issued by the Gauleitungen, afterwards (mostly) by the Reichspropagandaleitung.  My page is the most complete collection available, but it is not complete.   New ones surface every now and then.

Just yesterday I found confirmation that the final issue (which I have not seen) was #15/1944.  The image is courtesy of MAR Historical.

I, and others, are attempting to find as many of these as we can.  Should you have ones not on my site, I’d appreciate hearing about them.

Saturday, April 5, 2014

An Anti-Semitic Poster from 1932

A friend of the site provides me with this interesting image that I have added to the poster page:

Death to Marxism
Join Us!

It probably was issued for one of Reichstag elections of 1932, since the snake has the three-arrow symbol of the “Iron Front,” an anti-Nazi coalition established in December.  It could also be from the Prussian elections that year.  It looks to be something produced by a regional party organization, since posters produced by the Reichspropagandaleitung were generally more polished.

Thursday, April 3, 2014

Letters to Adolf Hitler

A variety of German archival material ended up in Russia after World War II. Henrik Eberle’s Letters to Hitler (Malden, MA: Polity, 2012), based primarily on material in the Moscow archive, is an example.  It is an edited and condensed version of a book originally published in Germany in 2007.  The book includes a wide range of letters to Hitler.

The book also recommends the German Propaganda Archive (p. 202) as a good site for those wanting further information.

Tuesday, March 11, 2014

Gauleiter Hugo Jury is Optimistic (December 1943)

I have a slowly growing page on speeches and essays by Nazi Gauleiter, the party’s regional chieftains. Today I’m adding Christmas-Day 1943 essay by Hugo Jury, Gauleiter of Niederdonau.  1943 had been a disastrous year for the Nazis, but Jury attempts to put the best face on the situation, suggesting that things were going to get better.

Monday, March 10, 2014

German Press Coverage of Stalingrad

If there was a turning point of World War II in Europe, it was the Battle of Stalingrad.  Before that battle, the average German had every reason to believe that the war was going well.  Afterward, there were two long years of retreat.

After Hitler confidently announced that Stalingrad was almost entirely in German hands on 9 November 1942, the Soviets attacked and quickly surrounded the German forces around Stalingrad.  That went unreported in the German press. The Soviet attacks themselves were covered — but Germans were not told how successful those attacks had been.

In December, Stalingrad almost disappeared from the German press.  There was substantial press coverage of the Eastern Front that acknowledged that heavy defensive battles were in progress, but that coverage suggested that Germany was defending its gains of the summer and preparing for renewed offensives in the summer.

Much press coverage focussed on submarine warfare in the North Atlantic, which was at the time going very well (that would shortly cease to be the case).  Beginning in January, the press began to prepare Germany for grim news.

A January 1943 Sketch

I’m adding a page of translations from the Volks-Zeitung, a Viennese newspaper, covering December 1942 through early February 1943.  It follows the trajectory of news reporting on Stalingrad.

Tuesday, February 18, 2014

Nazi Uses of the Word “Nazi”

Every now and then someone claims that the Nazis never used the word “Nazi” to refer to themselves.  This is simply untrue.  They did not use the term often, but I’ve come across a variety of references over the years.  Here are eight examples (in the original German). If the source is on the GPA I’ve included a link.  The posting below this one has a ninth example.  Since the Nazis kept that pamphlet in print until at least 1931, they can’t have objected to the use of the term too much...
  1. “Mit großem Stimmaufwand und viel Tintenverschwendung verkündeten die roten Volksbeglücker, die Nazis sind Reaktionäre.”  Source: Heinz Franke, Die Journaille lügt!  (1932)
  2. “Aber wir Nazis werden immer sehr schnell einig, da wir an solche Fragen mit gesundem Menschenverstand herangehen.”  Goebbels Diaries, entry for 15 March 1933.
  3.  “Er [Streicher] ist ein Original, aber ein richtiger Nazi.”  Goebbels Diaries, entry for 26 March 1939.
  4. “(Ich freue mich eigentlich über jenes Gerücht, das ich höre. Gibt es doch für einen Redner keine besser Gelegenheit, ‘abzurechnen.’ Dies Wort hat für uns Nazi-Redner seinen eigenen, besonderen Reiz.)” Source: Kurt Rittweger, Der unbekannte Redner der Partei (Tagebuchskizzen eines Redners) (Munich: J. B. Linde, 1939), p. 27.
  5. “...in den Betrieben bekamen die jungen Nazis allmählich die Oberhand….”  Source: Die Kieler Hitlerjugend, p. 14.
  6. “Für uns Frankfurter Nazis  knüpft sich an den Namen die Erinnerung an einen der heißesten Kämpfe im politischen Ringen um die Macht.” Source: Adalbert Giebel,  So kämpften wir! Schilderungen aus der Kampfzeit der NSDAP. im Gau Hessen Nassau, p. 38.
  7. “Gewiß haben die alten Nazis von der Kampfzeit her ein dickes Fell, und sie sind nicht prüde, es kann sie auch nicht so leicht etwas unterwerfen.”  Source: “Das Gerücht,” Der Hoheitsträger, September 1943, pp. 3-8.
  8. “Der alte Nazi nickt und denkt einen Augenblick zurück. Wie war es doch, als seine Ortsgruppe aus wenigen Männern bestand, die als hoffnungslose Irre galten?”  Der Sprechabenddienst, March/April 1944, p. 15.  This was a publication for party propagandists. 
I could give more examples, but the range is sufficient to demonstrate that the term “Nazi” was used by the Nazis.